Strumming Quarters and 8ths
Quarters = Down-Up = Hit-Miss
In music, we need a beat to track timing and rhythm. Rhythm is a pattern of beats which can be written with symbols. We’ll start with a 4 beat group, written with 4 quarter notes within repeat symbols. Strum down on the open strings or with a mute. Start slowly.
8ths = Down-Up = Hit-Hit
For 8th note strumming [quarter subdivided into two 8ths notes], we strum down-up, hitting on both the down and the up. The down-strum is the down beat (the number), the up-strum is the up beat (the &). Again, use open strings or a mute [or combinations]…get the engine started.
You can accent any down or up beat. A common accent pattern would be giving more weight and sound to beats 2 and 4 [like a drumbeat]. Accents can be written: <